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History of the world 

L'Empire Ottoman
ou l'Ancien Empire islamique

L'Empire démembré
(Démenbrement and creation of a multitude of States turcophones)


Empire dismembered 1
History 

Starting of Turkey. Explosion of the world turcophone. Actually Turkey was born, 78 years ago. 1922.  End of the dynasty Ottoman. The Turks threatened to lose the whole of this part of the world, have to make a war without mercy against the Greeks, of the biblical world. Didn't Greece, biblical, orthodoxe, dream to restore its sovereignty on Constantinople ? 1923. The Greeks return to the load, equipped well with 1 400 000 Greek soldiers. The Turks with 400 000 men will gain. In spite of this small number, the advantage will thus turn in their favour.  Mustafa Kemal becomes president.

Works and achievements of a nemrodist.

   Never the world ottoman will know, through Mustapha Kemal, such a humiliation, such a lowering. And through him and all those which followed it, such a catastrophe for the Islamic world. Also, the historian will say relating to it :
   Childhood, studies. On this subject, one said : ATATÜRK (Mustafa Kemal) was born in Salonique (old Thessalonique, Greece, at one time attached to Empire ottoman). Resulting from a modest family. Born in 1881 in the district from Kocakasim de Salonique, in a pink house of three floors located on the street of islahhane. His/her father is Ali Riza Efendi and his mother Zübeyde Hanim. Hafiz Ahmed Effendi, his paternal grandfather, is one of the nomads of Kocacik which were placed to Macedonia since Konya and Aydin in XIVème and XVème centuries. His/her mother Zübeyde Hanim was the girl of an old Turkish family installed in the town of Langasa close to Salonique. Ali Riza Efendi, who worked as officer of militia, clerk of the pious foundations and timber tradesman, married with Zübeyde Hanim in 1871. Four of the 5 brothers of Atatürk died in low age, only one sister, Makbule (Atadan) lived until 1956.
   The child, still says one, began the school of the vicinity of Hafiz Mehmet Efendi and later, on the desire of his father, was transferred to the school from « semsi Efendi ». it lost his father in 1888 then it remained with the farm of his maternal uncle during one moment and returned in Salonique to complete his studies.  he was registered in Rüstiye de Mülkiye de Salonique (civil secondary school) and soon was transferred in 1893 to the military school sécondaire. While it studies at this school, its professor of math, also named Mustafa, added "Kemal" to his name. Later, after having completed its studies with the military college of Manastir between 1896 - 1899, it began the school of war of Istanbul from which it received a diploma in 1902 with the rank of lieutenant. it was later presented to the military academy and received a diploma on January 11, 1905 with the rank of captain (General Staff College). Between 1905 - 1907 it carried out services in Damas under the order of the III 2nd Army.  In 1907 it was promoted with the rank of "Kolagasi" (old captain) and was named with the III 2nd Army located at Manastir.  he was a commander of staff in "the Army of Movement" (Hareket Ordusu) which entered to Istanbul on April 19, 1909. he was sent in France in 1910 when he took part in the operations of Picardy. In 1911 it started to work under the orders of the Presidency of staff in Istanbul.  It takes part in the war between Italy and the Ottoman Empire in 1911-12 and in the Balkan wars of 1912-13, wars which will undermine the empire of the Door.
1905-1918. Mustafa Kemal becomes chief of staff with Salonique and represses the attempts at destabilization before aiming at the proclaimed constitution one year. In 1910, it represents the Turkish forces armed with the military operations with Picardy, in France and fights against the Italians in Tripoli in 1911. It fills of the functions in the areas of Tobruk and Derne with a group of his friends during the war started by the Italian attack of Tripoli. It gains thebattle of Tobruk on December 22, 1911 against Italian and it was named commander de Derne 6 the Mars 1912. When the Balkan war started in October 1912, Mustafa Kemal joined the battle with units of Gallipoli and Bolayir. Its contributions to the resumption of Dimetoka and Edirne are considerable. In 1913 it was named as military attaché in Sofia. Whereas always at this station, it was promoted with the rank of lieutenant-colonel in 1914. The station of military attaché finished in January 1915. At this time there the First World War had started and the Empire of Ottoman was inevitably implied there. Mustafa Kemal was sent to Tekirdag with attribution to form the 19th Division. Turkey engages in the 1st world war with with dimensions of Germany. Mustafa Kemal is opposed to the alliance of Turkey with Germany, but it fights nevertheless for the Ottoman empire. It faces the allied forces : the Russians on the face of Drove in the east as well as the Englishmen in Syria and Iraq. Its exceptional military capacities and its widespread political opinions, preaching an independent Turkish state, gain popular sympathy to him. It is opposed to the presence of the foreign powers in Turkey and wishes the end of the empire of the Door.
   Mustafa Kemal made proof, will say its followers and defenders, of heroism with Çanakkale, during the First World War, started in 1914, and made admit with the allied powers that there was "No passage to Dardanelles !". When the English and French fleets tried to clear their way towards the strait of Dardanelles 18 the Mars 1915, they have undergoes a heavy defeat, and they decided to place terrestrial units on the peninsula of Gallipoli. The enemy forces, which unloaded in Ariburnu on April 25, 1915, were stopped in Conkbayiri by 19th Divison, controlled by Mustafa Kemal. This one was promoted with the rank of the colonel after this victory. The English forces again attacked Ariburnu on August 6-7, 1915. Mustafa Kemal, as a commander of the forces of Anafartalar gained the victory of Anafartalar, August 6-7, 1915.  This victory was followed of that of Kireçtepe on August 17, and the second victory of Anafartalar August 21.  The Turkish nation which underwent a loss of approximately 253 000 men in these battles, had managed to save the honor against the allied forces (entender :  biblical forces). In fact, the destiny of the face changed when Mustafa Kemal was addressed to its soldiers with these words : « I you commende not to attack, but to die ! ».

1905-1919. Mustafa Kemal filled of the functions with Edirne and Diyarbakir after the wars of Çanakkale, and was promoted with the rank of the major general on April 1, 1916. Fighting against the Russian forces, it took again the towns of Drove and Bitlis. After the short missions in Damas and Khallepo, it returned to Istanbul in 1917.
Voyages.  It travelled to Germany with Vahdettin Efendi, the heir with the throne and fact of the observations on the face.  it fell sick after this voyage and went to Vienna and Karisbad for sound traitement. Return to the face. It returned in Khalleppo on August 15, 1918 as a commander of the 7th army.  This face, it carried out a defensive action successfully against the Englishmen. it was named as commander of the group of the armies of Yildirim on October 31, 1918, one day after the signature of the armistice of Mondros. After the removal of this army, it returned to Istanbul on November 13, 1918 and started to work with the ministry for Defense.
1919. Greek troops occupied Izmir on the coast anatolienne, the 15 mai 1919, and massacred the inhabitants. Mustafa Kemal, which had been appointed inspector of the army of North (IXe armée) in Anatolia, arrived at Samsun the 19 mai. It undertook at once to unify the Turkish nationalist movement and to create an army of defense. But the nationalists had first of all to be opposed to the mode of the sultan ottoman in Constantinople Mehmet VI, which seemed had with the dismemberment own territory. In 1920, the government of Constantinople fell in discredit to have accepted the occupation of the capital by the Allies and to have signed the treaty of Sevres (10 août 1920), which recognized Greek control on certain territories of Anatolia. Meanwhile, Mustafa Kemal had set up a provisional government in Ankara, in April 1920. After a series of reverse, it gained decisive victories over the Greeks, in Sakyara (August 1921) and Dumlupinar (August 1922), then occupied Smyrna in September again. Having released Turkey, it accepted the title of Gazi (victorious).
Conclusion :  Fast rise in ranks. What enables him to carry out its dreams and its future plans.  Beginning of the problems turco-Greek and conversely.  Each one dreams of refonder a vast empire on the ruins of the other. While waiting, the forces, biblical, will start to strip and will cut up what remains Empire ottoman.  First stage : For supposedly obtaining "Peace", one will strip this Empire of his military arsenal. Making thus more vulnerable.
1919-1920. After the allied forces started to seize the weapons of armed with the Ottoman Empire, after the Armistice of Mondros, Mustafa Kemal went in Samsun on May 19, 1919 as an inspector of the 9th Army.  In the circular which it published on June 22, 1919 in Amasya, it declared : "the freedom of the nation will be restored with the resolution and the determination of the nation itself" and it then convened the congress of Sivas. It established the congress of Erzurum of July 23 at August 7, 1919, and the congress of Sivas from the 4 to September 11, 1919, during which it defined the way to be followed towards the freedom of the fatherland. It was acueilli with a great enthusiasm in Ankara on December 27, 1919. The Turkish war of independence started with the first drawn ball against the enemy on May 15, 1919, during the Greek occupation of Izmir. At the beginning, in fact the forces of militia called « Kuva-yi Milliye » fight the winners of the First World War, which had divided the Empire ottoman according to the Treaty of Sevres signed on August 10, 1920. The Large Turkish Assembly, which established a regular army later and carrying out the integration of the army and the militia, could conclude the war by a victory.
1918-1923.  Mustafa Kemal is with the head of the War of Turkish Independence, symbol of a national movement of resistance, it installs a rival government in Ankara.  and gets busy to throw the bases of a new Turkish State. In 1920, it founds the bases of a new State while joining together in Ankara, April 23, 1920, a large national assembly of which he becomes the president.  Thanks to the Treaty of Lausanne (July 24 l923), the introduction of a sovereign and independent national state is proclaimed. The same year, it founded the republican party of the people.
1920. The large Turkish national Assembly which met for the first time on April 23, 1920 in Ankara was the first stage towards the Turkish Republic. The successful management of the war of independence by this assembly accelerated the foundation of the new Turkish State. It was elected as chair large Assembly on April 24, 1920 and one second time on August 13, 1923. It was a statute equal to that of president and Prime Minister. The Republic was proclaimed on October 29, 1923. It was elected as a first president. The elections of the president were renewed every four years according to the constitution. The large Turkish National Assembly again re-elected as a president in 1927, 1931 and in 1935
1922. Black year for the Islamic world.  November 1, 1922, the caliphate and the authority of Sultan were separated and this last was removed. Thus, there was no more no administrative bond with the Empire ottoman.
1923. New era and beginning of a military dictatorship. October 29, 1923, the Turkish Republic was formally proclaimed and Atatürk was unanimously elected as a its first president.  October 30, 1923, the first government of the Republic was consisted Ismet Inönü.  The Turkish Republic started to develop on the basis of principle such as, "sovereignty belongs without reserve to the nation" and "peace inside and peace abroad". Under the terms of the law on the surnames, the large Turkish Assembly granted "Atatürk" (father of the Turks) as the surname Mustafa Kemal on November 24, 1934.
Elections. 1920. It was elected as chair large Assembly on April 24, 1920 and one second time on August 13, 1923.  It was a statute equal to that of president and Prime Minister. The Republic was proclaimed on October 29, 1923. It was elected as a first president. The elections of the president were renewed every four years according to the constitution. The large Turkish National Assembly again re-elected as a president in 1927, 1931 and in 1935.
Voyages. It carried out, says one, of the frequent voyages in the country and inspected the work undertaken by the State, giving directives to interested concerning the obstacles. Under president it accomodated the presidents, the Prime Ministers, the ministers and the commanders foreign who paid official visits in the country.
Private life. Large amateur of women. He carried out, says one, a very simple deprived life.  He married with Latife Hanim on January 29 1923. they did together many voyages in the country. This marriage lasted until August 5, 1925. Large in love with the children. It adopted girls called Afet (Inan), Sabiha (Gökçen), Fikriye, Ülkü, Nebile, Rukiye and Zehra and a small shepherd called Mustafa. It also took two boys called Abdurrahim and Ihsan under its protection. It prepared a beautiful future with those which could survive among these children.
Jovial fellow. Humanistic. He made gift of his farms to the Treasury and some of his real goods to the municipalities of Ankara and Bursa in 1937. he distributed his heritage between his sister, his adopted children and of the institutions of the history and Turkish language.
  He liked to read, dance, make horsemanship and was interested in the music as well as with swimming. It was interested much in the dances of Zeybek, the fight and the songs of Rumeli. The plays of billiards and the trictrac gave him a great pleasure. It took care of its horse called Sakarya and its dog called Fox. It had a rich person library. It was accustomed to inviting men of science, politicians, and artists with the dinners where the problems of the country were discussed. It took care of its physical appearance. It was also in love with nature. It was accustomed to attending the farm of the forest of Atatürk and joining with work.
Languages. It knew French and German.
Temporal power and spiritual. Beginning of a human gasoline capacity : secularity.
From 1923 to 1938, Mustafa Kemal is activated to make enter the State and the Turkish company on the way [known as] of modernity (sovereignty of the people). With the proclamation of the Republic on October 29, 1923, the principle of secularity was introduced like one of the bases of the new constitution. Thus (be-saying) a great number of reforms was adopted:  the international calendar and the hour (1923), the Latin alphabet is adopted, the women's rights (voting rights and of eligibility) are improved.
Reforms. Continuation and acceleration of the countryside of desislamisation of this new State.
It proclaimed a republic secular and closed all the Islamic religious establishments, including the traditional system of religious education. It removed the Arab alphabet and the substitute by the Latin alphabet. In its effort to align Turkey, new State on the habits of the nations [known as] Western [comprener biblical, one says on this subject that it had an admiration for Christianity. Simple religion for him, without contraintes…], it required the use of the Western dress and adopted the use of the surnames [one will not say more as in Arabic or Hebrew : such a son of such a]. It is for that that it takes the name of Ataturk, which means Arab "father of the Turks" [, it is a nickname recommended, traditional : Abou such a]. The legal system was entirely modernized and a new civil code and penal was adopted. The popular forms of entertainment were authorized, just like the consumption of alcohol, both normally prohibited in the Islamic companies. Its attempts to modernize the economy were successful than its other reforms. The country remained primarily agricultural (i.e. without rien). 

Conclusion : Although having fought (for personal reason) the Greeks of the biblical world and the other biblical nations of Europe and besides, it will become the liked good of people of the Bible. With him, Islam will be such as wished it the nations, European, biblical. I.e. a religion without any capacity, put at the index... And so far, the biblical world of Europe believing & incroyants) in the eyes turned towards this country. Yes, for complete and whole integration within plain Europe (whereas this small country, agricultural, is an Asian country forming integral part of the world turcophone), but under certain conditions. Any trace of Islam must necessarily disappear...  Then we in the worst case wait !       Page 2 (à suivre)

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